自主教育裡的「放監」階段

文:Michell

二十多年前,我考上了大學,過了頽廢但盡興的三年。記憶中,我的大學生活盡是玩樂:宿舍吹水、吃宵夜、看流星、談戀愛…… 我常常翹課,學業上一點都不努力,我把握大學裡的自由,用最少的力完成學業要求,用最多的時間去做讓自己開心的事。

在社會的標準下,我那時候簡直是虛耗光陰,浪費社會資源,然而,在我個人心理層面上,那三年絕對是一場療癒,因為我終於不再做自己不喜歡的事,終於有自由可以跟隨內心,解放了在強制教育裡窒息已久的我。 […]

How Did it Happen in the First Place?

Written by Michell, translated by Sabrina Wong

Adults have been putting a lot of effort teaching children to enjoy learning and not to get attached to the results.

Schools have been organizing activities, telling children to enjoy the learning process and not to focus too much on the marks.

In fact, children enjoy learning and exploring by nature. From the moment they are born, they start observing and learning. They interact with the world in their unique way. They learn how to walk and how to speak naturally. They learn through doing things repeatedly, such as, saying something or doing/playing something repeatedly for days/months, until they master it or they feel it’s enough. To them, there is so much fun in learning and they know nothing about results and marks. They simply do what they enjoy. To them, there are so many new things in this world waiting for them to explore, and all new experiences spark them with joy.
[…]

本來無一物

文:Michell

大人常說要教導小孩,
教導他們求學不是求分數。
學校甚至設計活動課程,教導孩子學習不是為了成績,而是為了知識、為了過程。
彷彿孩子從來不懂這些。
孩子本來學習就不是為了分數。他們學走路、學用語言溝通、在玩樂中學習認識這世界、在生活中重覆做喜愛的事,從來都不是為了分數。
小孩在生活中探索,東摸摸、西摸摸,大人說他搗亂;
小孩在玩耍中學習,大人說他只顧著玩,不做正事;
小孩享受著生活裡每個當下,大人說他缺乏目標,要求他拿出成果……
本來,小孩天生就有強大的動機去學習,有意慾成為有能力的人。
大人設計一個外在評分制度來評量孩子是否達到我們的要求,
終於,孩子學會了為成績、為別人的期望而學習,
大人又說求學不是求分數……
[…]

Doubts about the Sudbury Education Model

Written By Michell

Twenty years ago when I first learned about the Sudbury philosophy, I was absolutely fascinated. Sudbury Valley School (SVS) has no compulsory curriculum and students direct their own learning. Students in this school have equal rights with the staff members, and they are involved in running the school. And, instead of using rewards and punishment to manipulate students, the staff members support them to live out their true selves.

I thought everyone who knows about SVS will fall in love with its ideas just like I do. Who doesn’t want to be trusted, respected, and treated equally?

But in fact, most people question it. I have pondered for many years and wondered, “What are their doubts about the Sudbury education model?”

[…]

《對瑟谷教育的疑惑》

文:Michell

二十年前我初次接觸瑟谷教育理念時,感到非常震憾。瑟谷學校沒有強制課程,讓孩子自主學習 ,為自己做決定;大人與小孩平權,學生參與學校管治;大人也不利用獎罰來操控孩子,而是支持孩子活出自己。

我曾以為這樣待孩子是理所當然的,誰不想在被信任、尊重和平等的環境下成長啊?那時候,我以為人們只要知道有瑟谷學校,就一定會像我一樣著迷。

結果卻是,質疑的人比認同的人多。

我探究了好多年,一直好想了解,大家質疑的是什麼?

慢慢我才明白,大部分人以為瑟谷自主教育就等於放縱孩子、剝削孩子學習機會、不管不教,以為父母老師沒有盡責任。

[…]

讓孩子做自己

英文原作者:Sylvia Lee
中譯:Chichi Chan

「我可以做些什麼,令我的孩子變成________嗎?」

「當孩子明顯不感興趣,我怎樣令孩子學習_________?」

「有沒有什麼我可以做,從而刺激孩子對__________的興趣?」

「當這個行不通,我應該更努力嘗試 / 做更多 / 更頻繁地做 / 用不同的方法嗎?」

[…]

月經課

(文: Michell & Chi Chi Chan)

瑟谷終於出現了第一個「課堂」,就是月經課!

有一天,兩位九歲半女孩拿著一些東西在角落竊竊私語,然後她們走過來,叫我陪她們去洗手間。原來其中一位女孩拿了媽媽的衞生巾回來。她倆都未有月經,但很好奇地研究衞生巾怎樣用。

我說:「我已十幾年不用衞生巾了,我用月經杯。」

女孩更好奇:「杯?吓?你放隻杯入去vagina?」 […]

亂世中看自主教育有感

文: Michell

前陣子,全城在學習怎樣清洗催淚彈殘餘物。最近,大家學習正確使用口罩和防疫措施。我在想,有哪間學校預先把催淚彈和口罩常識編入課程呢?有好多知識,都是我們在生活裡感到需要,或感到與我們息息相關時才學的。

這跟瑟谷自主教育的概念很吻合。自主教育除了讓孩子按興趣去學習,也深信當孩子需要某些知識或技能時,他就會自發去學習,他不一定喜歡,但也會學,就像學清洗催淚彈殘餘物的人。 […]